user

How to convert meters per second [m/s] to revolutions per minute [rpm]?

alphonsio

The formula to convert linear speed expressed in meters per second [ $m.s^{-1}$ ] to angular velocity expressed in revolutions per minute [rpm] is given by:

$N = \frac{60}{2\pi \times r} \times v$

Considering the units:

$N_{(rpm)} = \frac{60}{2\pi \times r} \times v_{(m.s^{-1})}$

$N_{(rpm)} \approx 9.55 \times \frac{v_{(m.s^{-1})}}{r}$

where:

- $v$ is the linear velocity expressed in $m.s^{-1}$
- $N$ i s the angular velocity expressed in $rpm$
- $r$ s the radius expressed in $m$

To convert meters per second (m/s) to revolutions per minute (rpm), you need to know the circumference of the circular path the object is moving along. Here are the steps to convert m/s to rpm:

**Find the circumference**: The circumference $C$ of a circle is given by the formula $C = 2 \pi r$, where $r$ is the radius of the circular path.**Convert m/s to meters per minute**: Since there are 60 seconds in a minute, multiply the speed in m/s by 60 to get the speed in meters per minute (m/min).**Calculate the number of revolutions per minute**: Divide the speed in meters per minute by the circumference of the circle to get the number of revolutions per minute.

Let's denote:

- $v$ as the speed in m/s,
- $r$ as the radius of the circle in meters.

The conversion steps are as follows:

Calculate the circumference:

$C = 2 \pi r$Convert the speed to meters per minute:

$v_{\text{min}} = v \times 60$Calculate the revolutions per minute:

$\text{rpm} = \frac{v_{\text{min}}}{C} = \frac{v \times 60}{2 \pi r}$

Simplified, the formula to convert m/s to rpm is:

$\text{rpm} = \frac{v \times 60}{2 \pi r} = \frac{v \times 30}{\pi r}$

For example, if a vehicle with wheels of radius 10 cm is travelling at 2 m/s, the rotational speed of the wheels is given by :

$N_{(rpm)} = \frac{60}{2\pi \times r} \times v_{(m.s^{-1})} = \frac{60}{2\pi \times 0.1} \times 2 \approx 190.99 ~ rpm$